Google’s 2 Step Verification and GitHub’s 2 Factor Authentication are
preferred & secured but they are quite confusing when using
this post lets see how to setup those and configure
generated password/token to send patch using
git-send-email & push
commit to remote server using
Google’s 2 Step Verification
Using this link https://security.google.com/settings/security/apppasswords and setup App password. You need to login using your usual password first. After successful login, a section Password & sign-in method will show that your 2 Step Verification is Off. Click the arrow to turn on 2 Step Verification as shown below.
Next, you need to provide your phone number to receive a verification code. You can get the code using Text message or a Phone call as show below. Enter phone number and click Next.
Enter verification code and click Next.
and click TURN ON
Next page will make you select the app and the device.
For sake of this post I want to use the token to send Email using
git-send-email, I will select the app as Mail.
The device is nothing but my GNU/Linux system, I prefer to select Other (Custom name).
Name the app anything you want. As I plan to use the generated
git-send-email, I prefer the same name. This also
will help me to manage multiple apps in future. Click GENERATE
to generate password.
A password is 16 characters. We need this password to send patches
Once the password is handy, create a file
following line. Replace
<username> with Gmail login name and
<16CharPassword> with generated password. (Note: This file is in
Or store details in
[user] name = <FirstName LastName> email = <username>@gmail.com [sendemail] smtpEncryption = tls smtpServer = smtp.gmail.com smtpUser = <username>@gmail.com smtpPass = <16CharPassword> smtpServerPort = 587 suppresscc = all
Or you can use git credential helper store to store above details
Test the settings by sending a patch,
git send-email --email@example.com -1
GitHub’s 2 Factor Authentication
Generate new token using this link https://github.com/settings/tokens and click Generate new token as shown below,
and store the token in
~/.git-credentials as below,
https://<GitHub username>:<GitHub Token>@github.com
Test the setting by pushing a commit.
Each credential is stored on its own line in file
~/.git-credentials file, something like,
smtp://<username>%40gmail.com:<16CharPassword>@smtp.gmail.com%3a587 https://<GitHub username>:<GitHub Token>@github.com